This is another reference post to help with Bible study, symbolism, dream interpretation, etc. Related articles can be found on the Misparim page.
Eleven achat esre [f.] echad asar [m.] Outsider, disorder, disorganization, incomplete, lack (12-1) or excess (10+1) [both signify imperfection], transition (moving back to 10 or ahead to 12), betrayal, idolatry, bribery, and rebellion to heavenly authority (pictured best by Esau). I’ve heard Christians declare that eleven has to do with the prophetic realm. But, I believe that eleven is much more akin to divination. (Sadly, many confuse the two.) It is usually about doing what is “right in your own eyes”. It’s action based on “what I feel”, not “what is written”. However, there is some indication that if a person is walking uprightly and humble, eleven can have some prophetic implications.
- Eleventh Hebrew Letter: Khaf Numerical value of twenty. Pictograph meaning of an open hand or container. Also implies similarity. As a suffix, it shows possession.
- Jacob had to face Esau while his family was incomplete with 11 sons (Benjamin wasn’t yet born). He had to fight an “Angel of the LORD” all night long.
- Esau’s chieftains were eleven (Gen. 36:40-43) compared to Jacob’s twelve. Just reviewing the history of Esau’s lineage (Edom) makes it abundantly clear that he is associated with rebellion and living by the nephesh (beast/flesh).
- The wilderness journey was only eleven days, but rebellion cost Israel forty more years in the desert. Moses recounted this punishment to them on the first day of the eleventh month (Dt. 1).
- Eleven disciples were incomplete until a twelfth was chosen. (Acts 1:21-26)
- Delilah betrayed the judge Samson by taking the bribe of 5 lords of the Philistines. Each offered her 1100 pieces of silver. (Jud. 16:6, 3:3)
- Right after Samson’s story in Judges, the remaining chapters (17-21) depict the moral and political decay of Israel. All of it is contrary to God’s order. And amazingly, it all begins with a story about another 1100 pieces of silver. Here are the highlights and I believe they are indicative of the number 11:
The word to describe the state of affairs in these chapters is “confusion“: Stolen money is used for idols, the Lord is invoked to bless the thief, individual shrines replace worship at the tabernacle, Levites and common people are consecrated as priests, idols are used in the worship of Jehovah. And Micah supposed the Lord would bless him in all of this! Moreover, as the story continues, A Levite’s concubine is raped to death, a civil war ensues, and the tribe of Benjamin is almost wiped out. This verse begins and ends the entire series of chapters: In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes. (Jdg. 17:6 & 21:25)
- 5 + 6 = 11. Look back at the meaning of numbers five and six. If we add power and strength with man and beast, we will have a twisted counterfeit unless that man (or woman) is ruled by YHWH. In the case of the latter, eleven can symbolize a place of godly transition. Sadly, many believe that Adonai rules them, but it is their nephesh/flesh that really has the upper hand. Where this is true, their life will be characterized by confusion, disorder, an extreme of lack or excess, duplicity, corruption, divination, and the like.
- Messiah was “cut off” (crucified) because of our rebellion (sins) when He was about 33 years old (3 x 11). (Dan. 9:26) In His case, this was obviously a “transition” as He overcame the grave!
Twelve shtayim esre [f.] shnayim asar [m.] perfect government, order, organization, united, perfect subdivisions of time (12 hours in day, 12 months in a year, 12 primary constellations) and of people (12 tribes of Israel, 12 Disciples/Apostles). This demonstrates a holy people serving a holy God based on the Creator’s clock and calendar.
- Twelfth Hebrew Letter: Lamed Numerical value of thirty. Pictographic meaning shepherd’s hook/staff, teaching, learning, goading, protection, yoke, bind. Infinitive prefix for verbs, meaning to or for or belonging to.
- 12 foundations in the heavenly Jerusalem
- 12 Gates
- 12 Pearls
- At age 12, Yeshua first appears in public and engages with the teachers in Jerusalem. (Luke 2:42, He was at Bar Mitzvah age.)
- In Luke 8, a woman that had an issue of blood for 12 years touches Yeshua’s tzit-tzyiot (tassels/fringes) and she is healed. This occurred while He was on His way to heal a 12 year girl.
- 2×10= 12. If we look at the ideal for numbers two and ten, then we can see that 12 is about a united (2) and perfect congregation (10).
- 3×4=12. Again, looking at the ideal for numbers three and four, we can see that when the seed is ripened (3) with the Holy Spirit (4), it produces resurrection life (3) that is powered by divine government (4).
- 2×6=12. If we review numbers two and six, twelve will ideally picture a unified relationship (2) that is serving in the image of Elohim (6). The beast is being ruled by the two in one flesh of restored Adam (mankind).
- Multiples of twelve, such as 24 or 144,000 will carry these same ideas.
Thirteen shlosh esre [f.] shlosha asar [m.] Thirteen is associated with covenant, love, unity, and eternity. It is the 6th prime number, so it will have some of the same meanings as the number six. Thirteen has the stigma of being an “unlucky” number. I don’t believe in luck, nor do I believe that thirteen ONLY has negative connotations. The idea that the number 13 is bad luck comes from pagan influences. The Hebrew word for love (ahavah) and oneness (echad) share the numerical value of 13. Thus, we would expect to see 13 linked with love and unity. However, on the negative side, we will see connections to the opposite of love, which is not hate, but apathy or indifference.
- Thirteenth Hebrew Letter: Mem Numerical value of forty. Pictographic meaning of water, chaos, immersion, womb, blood. Mem is the “center” of the Hebrew alefbet. Shows the masculine plural. As a prefix, is the preposition from, out of, or the means by which.
- God expresses His glory with 13 attributes. (Ex. 34:6-7, Micah 7:18-20)
- In Hebrew, the combined letters in the names of the 3 patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob) reduce to 13.
- In Hebrew, the combined letters in the names of the 4 matriarchs (Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel, and Leah) reduce to 13.
- 13 is considered the age of a youth for becoming a Bar and Bat Mitzvah (son and daughter of the commandments).
- Jewish people have 13 rules of Torah interpretation.
- There are 12 tribes of Israel, yet there are 13 if we count Ephraim and Manasseh instead of Joseph.
- There are 613 Torah commandments. (600 + 13). Six is the number of a man made in the image of Elohim and 13 is the number of love. Truly, all the commandments hang on one: LOVE (First God, and then your neighbor as yourself).
- The thirteenth chapter of 1 Corinthians teaches us all about LOVE.
- 6+7=13. If we look at the ideal for the number 6 (man expressing the image of God and sacrificial love) and the number 7 (divine rest, completeness, and reverence), we see both love and unity intertwined.
- However, if we look at the negative side of 6 (man following the image of the beast) and 7 (one who separates or cause strife between brothers), we see rebellion, destruction, and apathy. This is best pictured in the seventh church of Revelation: Laodicea (The people lack love; they are apathetic, indifferent, or “lukewarm”.)
Fourteen arbah esre (f) arba’ah asar (m) Multiple of SEVEN, a double measure. The number of the Messiah. To reproduce, recreate, disciple, servant, bond-servant.
- Fourteenth Hebrew Letter: Nun Numerical value of 50. Pictographic meaning life, fish, seed, heir, productiveness, continuity, permanence, prophetic, multiplication.
- Jacob served Laban for fourteen years to marry Leah and Rachel. (Gen. 31:41)
- After the rebellion of Korah, the people accused Moses of killing the LORD’s people. A plague then consumed 14,700 of them. (Notice the 7s). (Num. 16:49)
- Every day of Sukkot (Tabernacles), a 7-day feast, 14 lambs were offered. (Num. 29)
- Solomon celebrated Sukkot for fourteen days when he dedicated the first Temple of YHWH. (1 Kings 8)
- The genealogy of the Messiah is divided up and given in two sets of fourteen (Mt. 1)
- Paul tells us that he waited fourteen years to go up to Jerusalem a second time to meet with the Jerusalem council in Acts 15. (Gal. 2:1) This speaks to us being patient and gaining wisdom and experience before we push ahead with an agenda — even if it is from Elohim!
Fifteen chamesh esre (f) chamish’a asar (m) A multiple of FIVE. The short or poetic form of God’s most holy Name (Yah – yohd, hey) has a numerical value of fifteen. Fifteen implies to save, heal, redeem, prolong, step up, ascend, and fullness (like the LIGHT of the full moon).
- Fifteenth Hebrew Letter: Samech Numerical value of 60. Pictographic meaning thorn, to surround, support, protect, wheel, snake.
- There are fifteen Psalms of Ascent. (Ps. 120-134) These were Psalms that were sung as travellers made their way to the three pilgrimage festivals in Jerusalem. In the Holy Temple courtyard, there was an ultra wide stairway that consisted of fifteen large, semi-circular steps that “ascended” into the inner section of the courtyard. The Levites would play music on these steps and sing these fifteen Psalms.
- YHWH prolonged the life of King Hezekiah by healing him and adding fifteen years to his life. (2 Kings 20, Is. 38:5)
- Hosea redeemed his wife with fifteen shekels of silver. (Hos. 3)
- The fifteenth day of (biblical lunar) months always falls on the full moon. The most LIGHT in the night sky occurs when the moon is full. The first day of Unleavened Bread, and the first day of Sukkot, both begin when the moon is full. (See more on this in Moonbeams and the Moedim.)
- The Aaronic Benediction (Priestly Blessing) consists of fifteen Hebrew words. (Num. 6:24-26)
Sixteen shesh esre (f) shisha asar (m) Multiple of eight. Without boundaries or limits. New beginning. Olam Olam. Outside of time as we know it. Lingering with the Father. Can also picture the completeness of seven (16= 1+6=7) that leads to new beginnings. Covenant. (See eight for more information.)
- Sixteenth Hebrew Letter: Ayin Numerical value 70. (70 is the number of the nations.) Pictographic meaning eye, well (of water), vision (literal and prophetic), perception, seven Spirits of God (as eyes roaming to and fro).
Seventeen shva esre (f) shiv’a asar (m) Seventeen is the 7th prime number, thus will see some meanings that mirror seven. 7+10=17 indicates the meaning of the number ten will also inform seventeen. While completeness, divine order, and a congregation are related to this number, the scripture also reveals that even those that are called to walk in these attributes can act presumptuously in their immaturity. Joseph was seventeen when he brought the evil report about his brothers to his father Jacob. (Gen. 37:2) Seventeen is close to adulthood (age 20), but not quite. Thus, immaturity, childishness, underdevelopment, and naivety can be indicative of seventeen.
- Seventeenth Hebrew Letter: Peh Numerical value of 80. Pictographic meaning of mouth, opening, speech, blow, scatter.
Eighteen shmoneh esre (f) shmonah asar (m) In Hebrew, the word for LIFE, chai (chet, yohd) is also the number eighteen. Both prayer and Temple worship are related to the number eighteen. Meanings are related to life, prayer, worship, devotion, offerings, charity, being loosed or freed, and sacrifice. Conversely, when we are rebellious to YHWH, it can relate to the opposite of life: judgment, destruction, captivity, and bondage.
- Eighteenth Hebrew Letter: Tzaddi Numerical value of 90. Pictographic meaning trail, journey, hunt, righteous (upright) one, justice.
- In Jewish law, Matzah (Unleavened Bread) is baked for no more than eighteen minutes to be considered Kosher for Pesach (Passover).
- The Amidah or the Shemoneh Esrei is a standing prayer with eighteen benedictions. These prayers were formulated to correspond to the daily (continual) offerings at the Temple. These are the “calves of our lips”. (Hosea 14:2)
- The future New Jerusalem (from Ezekiel’s vision) will be 18,000 cubits: “The city shall be 18,000 cubits round about; and the name of the city from that day shall be, ‘The LORD is there.'” (Ezek. 48:35)
- In Luke 13:4, the Tower of Siloam fell on eighteen people in judgement.
- Yeshua healed a woman bound with an infirmity that caused her to be bent over for eighteen years (Luke 13:10-17). Someone “bent over” with an infirmity is figuratively the opposite of someone “upright” or righteous. Yeshua released (loosed) this woman from the bondage of the enemy. Whatever was preventing her from walking uprightly for 18 long years was removed.
- The Israelites were punished for periods of eighteen years for idolatry and rebellion in the time of the Judges. (Judges 3:14; 10:8; 20:44)
Nineteen tsha esre (f) tish’a asar (m) 10+9=19, thus we can expect to see meanings associated with the number 10 and 9 to factor into the number nineteen. Divine order, judgment, truth revealed or concealed. Nineteen is the 8th prime number, which also indicates links to the number eight.
- Nineteenth Hebrew Letter: Koof Numerical value of one hundred. Pictographic meaning sun on the horizon, time, imitation (of God or enemy), circle.
- Chavah or Eve has a Gematria value of 19. (See how the woman is associated with the number nine here.)
Twenty esrim (n) Manhood. The age of accountability for those counted among the people for service, war, and worship. (Ex. 30:14; 38:26, Lev. 27:3, Num. 1, 1 Chron. 23:24; 27:23) Doubling of the number ten. Maturity, accountability, being counted, expectation.
- Twentieth Hebrew Letter: Reish Numerical value of two hundred. Pictographic meaning a man’s head, authority, beginning, first, top.
- 1 shekel is equal to 20 gerahs. (Ex. 30:13)
Twenty-One esrim v’achat (f) esrim v’echad (m) Can denote a tripling of seven (3×7=21). This can be good as in a multiplication of rest, holiness, or the seven Spirits of God, but can also depict judgment and the spirit of anti-messiah as we see in the triplets of sevens from the Book of Revelation. Can also represent delay or to stand against as seen in Daniel below.
- Twenty First Hebrew Letter: Shin Numerical value of three hundred. Pictographic meaning of teeth, to devour, chew on, destroy, think about, ponder, fire, tongues of fire, sharpen, press, eat, consume.
- The Prince of Persia (a wicked spirit or demon) delayed the message Daniel had prayed about for twenty-one days. Then he said to me, “Do not be afraid, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart on understanding this and on humbling yourself before your God, your words were heard, and I have come in response to your words. “But the prince of the kingdom of Persia was withstanding me for twenty-one days; then behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I had been left there with the kings of Persia. (Daniel 10:12-13) The message was about the latter or end days (vs. 14).
Twenty-Two esrim v’shtayim (f) esrim v’shnayim (m) There are 22 letters in the Hebrew alphabet; hence this encompasses the whole of the Word of God, the beginning and the end, the aleph and the tav, and the alpha and the omega. It also pictures the LaShon HaKodesh (Holy Tongue). On the negative side, it can picture something wholly wicked as the doubling of eleven (disorganization, doing what is right in your own eyes). It can picture something highly prophetic or something divined by sorcery. Either way, positive or negative, sacred or profane, it involves WORDS. Other positive meanings: totality, creation, and order. Other negative meanings: disorder, destruction or break down, missing components, distress, banishment.
- Twenty Second Hebrew Letter: Tav Numerical value of four hundred. Pictographic meaning the seal (of God) or the mark of the enemy, completion, signal, symbol, monument.
- YHWH spoke the Universe into existence. He used Words and words are made from letters. Thus, the Hebrew letters are the building blocks to all life.
- The 22 letters are like our DNA.
- David used an acrostic featuring all 22 Hebrew letters when he penned Psalm 119. Eight verses are devoted to each of the Hebrew letters to praise YHWH for His Torah, commandments, and precepts. It’s as if he was “counting the ways” for his love of YHWH and His WORD.
Twenty-Three esrim v’shalosh (f) esrim v’shlosha (m) Based on the few Biblical passages that refer to this number, it appears that twenty-three has much to do with immorality, stubbornness, grumbling, complaining, wickedness, idolatry, etc.
- Jeremiah preached repentance to an obstinate people for 23 years as the Word of YHWH came to him. (Jer. 25:3, Read this passage for context)
- Paul reminded us about the fall of 23,000 in wilderness: Now these things happened as examples for us, so that we would not crave evil things as they also craved. Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written, “THE PEOPLE SAT DOWN TO EAT AND DRINK, AND STOOD UP TO PLAY.” Nor let us act immorally, as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in one day. Nor let us try the Lord, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the serpents. Nor grumble, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the destroyer. (1 Cor. 10:6-10)
Twenty-Four esrim v’arba (f) esrim v’arba’a (m) Multiple of twelve. Heavenly government and worship, dividing of time (24hrs in a day), priesthood, watchmen, all parts working together in service to YHWH. On the negative end, we see those that oppose the government, authority, and worship of the true God. The giant with 24 fingers and toes described below best depicts this.
- The priests were divided into 24 courses to perform their service in the Tabernacle/Temple. (1 Chron. 24)
- There are 24 elders in John’s vision in Revelation.
- Time is daily divided into 24 hour periods.
- Watchmen (Levites, but not priests) were divided into 24 orders to guard the sanctity of the Holy Mount.
- The Holy Land was divided into 24 districts.
- The word shalom (peace) is found 24 times in the Torah.
- There are 24 books in the Tanakh (Old Testament). [Christians divide the same books differently to form 39, but the exact words are in both Jewish and Christian (O.T.) Bibles. For example, Jews lump all twelve of the Minor Prophets together into one “book”.]
- David’s nephew, Jonathan, killed a giant with 24 fingers and toes. This meant that the giant had 6 fingers on each hand and 6 toes on each foot. Since this giant opposed YHWH and His anointed, it’s safe to assume that he followed the image of the beast (6) both inside and out. Again there was war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature who had twenty-four fingers and toes, six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot; and he also was descended from the giants. When he taunted Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea, David’s brother, killed him. (1 Chron. 20:6-7)
Twenty-Five esrim v’chamesh (f) esrim v’chamisha (m) Related to five, as in 5 squared or 5×5. Has to do with strength and power to go the distance to spread the Seed or the Good News. We see this when the age of the priesthood apprenticeship begins at age 25. Negatively, it is multiplied feet set to do evil and give wicked counsel. We can see this in the vision of Ezekiel below.
- Levites began to apprentice or learn their service to YHWH at the age of twenty-five. (Num. 8:24) [Their ministry doesn’t officially begin until age thirty.]
- Ezekiel saw 25 men in a vision with their backs toward the Temple and faces toward the sun (false worship). Later, Ezekiel discovers who these men are and what their judgment will be. (Ezek. 8:16; 11:1-13)
Twenty-Six esrim v’shesh (f) esrim v’shisha (m) The numerical value of the Divine and Most Holy Name: YHWH (Yahweh: yohd, hey, vav, hey) is twenty-six. The Torah was given on Mt. Sinai in the 26th generation of mankind. (There were 10 generations from Adam to Noach, 10 generations from Noach to Abraham, and another 6 generations from Abraham to Moses.) Means oneness (YHWH is One [Dt. 6:4]), but also carries the ideas associated with the number four (The most holy Name has four letters): dominion, authority, fullness, giving of Torah and Holy Spirit.
- 2×13=26, denoting that 26 is related to thirteen. Thirteen means covenant, love, and unity.
- Mankind is created in the image of YHWH (26). Not coincidently, the Bible begins to describe the creation of mankind in the 26th verse on the Torah scroll in Hebrew. This is true even in English Bibles: Gen. 1:26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
Twenty-Seven esrim v’sheva (f) esrim v’shiv’a (m) Three cubed equals twenty-seven. Thus, review the number three for more details as to how 27 is an exponential picture of this. To gather, resurrect, seeds, trees, fruit, counsel, dry land, chaos adverted, firstfruits, harmony, and balance. Based on the Scripture references below, it appears that 27 is linked also to things hidden being revealed and the Seed of the Woman.
- Sarah lived 127 years (Gen. 23:1).
- King Ahasuerus ruled 127 provinces (Esther 1:1).
Twenty-Eight esrim v’shmoneh (f) esrim v’shmonah (m) 4×7=28, indicating that twenty-eight is linked to both four and seven. As you learned in Hebrew Numbers 1-10, four and seven are indeed connected and picture many of the same things. 14+14 also equals 28, so we can see Messiah figured in this number as well. A full lunar month can occur in only 28 days. Jewish thought associates 28 with seasons as seen below.
- King Solomon enumerated 28 times, seasons, or purposes for everything under Heaven (Ecc. 3:1-8).
Twenty-Nine esrim ve tesha (f) esrim ve tish’a (m) The number of accountability and expectation (20) plus the number of judgment, fruitfulness, and multiplication (9).
Thirty shloshim (n) Represents the life cycle in miniature. Perfect order (3 x10), maturity for official ministry or service, price of bondservant, time of mourning a life.
- Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh (Gen. 41:46).
- King David began to reign when he was thirty years old (2 Sam. 5:4).
- Messiah was thirty years old when His ministry began (Luke 3:23).
- Aaron was mourned for thirty days (Num. 20:29).
- Moses was mourned for thirty days (Dt. 34:8).
- Priests that handled the most holy things began their official service at age thirty. (Num. 4)
- The redemption price for a bondservant gored by an ox is 30 shekels of silver (Ex. 21:32).
- Zechariah prophetically asks Judah to estimate his value. He is valued at 30 shekels of silver (Zech 11:12-13).
- Judas betrays Messiah for 30 shekels of silver. (Mt. 26:15)
- Samson had thirty Philistine companions when he went to marry his wife. He put a riddle to them, offering them thirty changes of clothes if they could figure it out. But his new bride tricked Samson into revealing the riddle, so Samson slew thirty men to fulfill his wager. (Judges 14)
 Ex. 34:6-7 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
For more references, see the footnotes under the page Misparim.